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Reference
Title: Azoxymethane-induced colon tumors and aberrant crypt foci in mice of different genetic susceptibility.
Authors: Papanikolaou A; Wang QS; Delker DA; Rosenberg DW
Journal: Cancer Lett
Volume: 130
Issue: 1-2
Year: 1998
Pages: 29-34
Abstract: Azoxymethane (AOM) is an organotropic colon carcinogen that is commonly used to induce colon tumors in rodents. Unlike its parent compound, 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH), a tumor susceptibility phenotype in inbred mice with respect to AOM has not been established. Thus, this study was undertaken to determine whether genetic susceptibility extends to this carcinogen. SWR/J, A/J (both susceptible to DMH carcinogenesis) and AKR/J (resistant) mice were treated with 10 mg/kg AOM i.p. once a week for 8 weeks. Twenty-five weeks after the initial injection, tumor yield was determined. With a single exception, only SWR/J and A/J mice developed tumors, with a distribution that was limited to the distal colon (16.3+/-1.1 and 36.4+/-2.4. respectively). The formation of aberrant crypt foci (ACF), putative preneoplastic lesions, was also assessed in whole-mount colons using Methylene Blue staining. Consistent with tumor multiplicity, the total number of ACF was highest in A/J mice, followed by SWR/J mice. In addition, A/J mice had a significantly greater number of large ACF (five or more crypts per foci) than the other strains. Despite the absence of colon tumors, however, AKR/J mice did develop a significant number of ACF. This finding suggests that ACF in resistant mice are persistent but do not progress to tumors.
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J:49937  Mouse Genome Informatics
9751253  National Library of Medicine/PubMed